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2014年乌鲁木齐市初中毕业学业水平测试试卷分析

2014-06-30 16:39  作者:  来源:  字号:T|T


第一卷(选择题  105分)

听力部分 (共30分)

乌鲁木齐中考听力与12年保持一致,能力水平要求与中考考试大纲要求保持一致。第一题图片理解题,情景反应题、对话理解题及短文理解题。题型一致,分值没有变化。只要按照以往正常做法,听力题得分没有大的问题。

语言知识运用部分(共75分)

V. 单项选择(共15小题;每小时1分,满分15分)

从下列各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出一个可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. I want to see Tiny Times________ second time because it is quite ____ wonderful movie.

       A.the; a           B.a; a           C.the; /        D.a; /

  1. --I have great _______ in learning physics and I am so worried. Could you help me?

       -- Sure, I’ d be glad to.

       A.interest         B.fun          C.questions      D.trouble

  1. The population of China is ________ than ______ country in the world.

       A.much larger; any               B.large; any other

       C.much larger; any other          D.larger; the other

  1. The bird’s singing came into our room ________ the window and woke me up in the early morning.

       A.down          B.from         C.through       D.across

    25. Your new backpack is so nice. I want to buy ______, too.

       A.one            B.it           C.that           D.this 

    26. The scarf which is _______ silk _____ soft and comfortable.

    A.made from; feels               B.made of; feels

    C.made in; smells                D.made up of; smells

  1. --Iphones and ipads are so popular these days.

       -- Yes, they can ________ our eyes to outside world.

    A.open up       B.turn up      C.call up        D.think up

    28. He’ s already come back to Australia, _____ ______?

    A.isn’t he        B.doesn’t he     C.hasn’t he    D.has he

    29. -- How far is the small town from London?

       --It’s about _______ kilometers.

    A.two hundred and thirty five       B.two hundreds and thirty five

    C.two hundreds and thirty-five      D.two hundred and thirty-five

  1. Robert was very upset that most of his friends ____ when he ______ at the party.

    A.left; had arrived                 B.had left; arrived

    C.left; arrived                     D.had arrived; had arrived

  1. --Excuse me, is this the right way to Children’s Park?

       -- Sorry, I’ m not sure. But it ____ be.

         A.might         B.must         C.need        D.can

    32. He is busy _____ at school, but he never forgets ______ his mom a phone call every day.

    A.working; giving                  B.work; give

    C.working; to give                  D.work; to give

  1. --Can you understand me, Tony?

       -- Yes, madam. You speak ______. I can follow you.

    A.enough clear   B.clear enough      C.enough clearly   D.clearly enough

    34. -- Have you decided _______ to the beach?

    A.whom to go      B.where to go      C.when to go    D.why to go

    35. -- Mr. Smith, I found an e-dictionary on the playground.

       -- You should try to find out_______.

        A.whose is the owner of the e-dictionary    B.who the e-dictionary belongs to

    C.whose the e-dictionary belongs to        D.who does the e-dictionary belong to

     

    VI.情景交际(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

       B栏中找出与A栏相对应的答语。

                  A                                         B.

  1. What size bowl of noodles would you like?    A.Ok. I’ ll do it right away.

  2. I am afraid I can’t come to your party.       B.Let him lie down and rest.

  3. What should I get for my sister?            C. A medium bowl, please.

  4. My friend has a sore back.                 D.That’s too bad. Maybe another time.

  5. Would you mind making your bed?          E.Why don’t you buy her a hat.

     

     

    21. B。此题是对冠词知识点的考察。第一空,a + 序数词 表示“又一,再一”;第二空,a+ 可数名词单数 表泛指。此类型题每年必考。与历年同类型题比较,难度上升,难度系数:★★

    22. D。此题是对have trouble (in) doing的固定短语的考察,此题难度不大,但还需要考生结合上下文语境选择正确词意。难度系数:

    23. C。此题是对形容词比较级基本用法,及修饰比较级的副词以及用比较级表最高级的用法,其中,难点在于,比较级表最高级中,要注意:any+可名单表明所比两者不属统一范围。而,any other +可名单表面所比两者属于统一范围。难度系数:

    24.C。此题是对介词的考察,主要落脚在了两个“穿越”。across从表面穿越。Through从内部穿越。此处的窗户只能为从内部穿越。难度系数:

    25.A。此题针对one, it, that三个特殊代词的考察。one是同类中的一个或者几个,that两者比较,同一在比较中再一次出现,而it指的就是上文中的同一物。难度较为适中,难度系数:

    26.B 此题是对be made of be made from的“由...组成”固定考察,of 是看的到材料的,from是看不到材料的。还有feelsmell的词意辨析。难度较难,难度系数:

    27.B 此题为四个词组的词义辨析。跟眼睛有关的应选open up,睁开眼睛。此题难度不高,难度系数:  

  1. C 此题是对反义疑问句的考察。反义疑问句,前肯后否,上文有助动词has,把has变成hasn’t 提前,难度适中,难度系数: .

  2.  D。此题是对数词读法的考察。百位前是具体数字,百位不用加s,十位与个位间需要用短杠连接。难度不高,难度系数:

  3. B。此题是对时态的考察。When后使用一般过,主句部分发生在过去的过去所以使用过去完成时。此题难度   

  4. A。此题是对情态动词猜测的考察。前文出现I am not sure, 所以后文应该选择might。难度不高,此题难度:

  5. C。此题是对非谓语的考察。这两个句子都含有了谓语动词,动词应使用非谓语形式。第一空,经常反复发生,所以使用doing。第二空,还没打电话,因此要用to do的形式。此题难度不大,难度系数:★★

  6. D。此题是对词性及enough修饰形 / 副位置的考察。此处空在实意动词后,顾选择副词。enough位置应该为形前名后。此题难度不大,难度系数:

  7. C。此题是疑问词+不定式中对疑问词的考察。对于疑问词的考察落脚点关键在于回答,下文回答由天气决定,因此应提问时间。此题难度不大,难度系数:

  8. B。此题是对宾语从句的考察。宾从要使用陈述语序。对于引导词应选用who,因为belong to sb.。对sb.提问用who.难度适中,难度系数:★★

    VI.情景交际。

  1. C

  2. D

  3. E

  4. B

  5. A

    解析:情景交际题较去年难度有所提升,重点考察的句型集中在八年级。今年考察的句型除了比去年考察的陈述句,特殊疑问句,还增加了一般疑问句。生词不太多,较去年难度有所提升,但难度还是较为适中的,难度系数:★★

    三.完形填空

    On a Friday night ,a poor young violinist was playing his violin at the entrance of the subway station. He played   41    great music that people slowed down to listen and put some    42 

    Into his hat.

      The next day ,the violinist came to the entrance again .He put down his hat as usual. Beside the hat was a piece of paper   43  some words on it. It said ,”A George Black has put an important thing into my hat by   44  . Welcome to claim(认领) it. Soon the people were all attracted by the words and wondered  45   it could be. After a while ,a man rushed into the crowd , took the violinist’s shoulders and said,” I knew you would certainly come.”The violinist asked, ”Did you lose anything?””Lottery.(彩票)”The violinist   46   a lottery ticket with Black’s name on it. Black took it and danced   47  .

      Black was an office worker. He bought the lottery and won a prize of $500000.But when he gave $ 50 to the violinist for his wonderful music, the lottery ticket was   48   in, too. The violinist was a college student .That morning, he was going to fly to Vienna for high education. However, when he found the ticket, he put off the flight and went back to entrance.

      Later someone asked the violinist why he   49   take the lottery ticket to pay for his high education. He said ,”Although I don’t have much money, I live a happy life.  50   I lose honesty, I won’t be happy forever.”

    41.A.very         B.too         C.such           D.so

    42.A.paper        B.money      C.stones          D.trash

    43.A.with         B.has         C.of             D.from

    44.A.a mistake     B.mistakes     C.mistaken       D.mistake

    45.A.how         B.what        C.where          D.when

    46.A.gave out     B.handed out    C.pull out        D.took out

    47.A.happy       B.happliy      C.sad             D.sadly

    48.A.throw       B.threw        C.throwing        D.thrown

    49.A.didn’t       B.doesn’t       C.couldn’t        D.not

    50.A.Unless      B.As soon as    C.If             D.Because

    解析:本篇母题是岳阳市2012年初中毕业学业英语考试试卷中的完形填空。相较历年完型,本篇完型大部分题目仍然侧重于语法的考察,难度降低,总体难度★★

  1. C 本题考察so....that....such.....that....的区别,such修饰名词,空后是great music这个名词,因此选择such.难度等级:

  2. B 本题考察情景推断,上文说小提琴家在地铁站入口表演,下文问放什么在他的帽子里,推断出是放钱。难度等级:

  3. A 本题考察介词。根据句意得知是有着一些单词的纸,但句中已有动词,仍需“有”这个意思时,用“with”来表示。难度等级:★★

  4. D 根据句意是把重要的东西错误地放进了帽子里,错误地用“by mistake”表示。难度等级:

  5. B 考察句子成分wonder____it could be,缺宾语,用what作宾语,表示想知道它可能是什么。难度等级:★★

  6. D 考察动词短语辨析,gave out分发,handed out分发,pulled out拔出来,took out取出来。根据上下文应该是拿出一张彩票。难度等级:

  7. B 考察形容词副词。看到dance所以是快乐地跳起舞,而且应该用副词来修饰动词。难度等级:

  8. D 考察被动语态,根据空前空后,得知票被扔进去,所以填扔”throw”的过去分词“thrown”。难度等级:

  9. A 考察助动词,根据空前空后,得知有人问他为什么不拿彩票,问的是过去的事情,所以用didn’t。难度等级:★★

  10. C 考察连词,根据前后文,得知如果我失去诚信,我将永远不快乐。所以选择if。难度等级:

     

    .阅读理解

      Charlie Plumb was a US jet fighter(喷气式飞机) pilot in Vietnam. One day he had to eject(飞机坠毁前从弹射座椅弹出).The only thing between him and death was his parachute(降落伞).Finally the parachute opened and Charlie came down to the ground alive .

      One day ,many years after getting back to the US, Charlie was sitting in a small restaurant. He noticed that a man kept looking at him. Charlie looked back but he didn’t think he knew the man. At last ,the man stood up and walked over to Charlie’s table and said ,”You’re Charlie Plumb” Charlie looked up at him and said,” Yes, I am.”The man said ,”You flew jet fighters in Vietnam. You’re a fighter pilot. You ejected and parachuted into Vietnam and you spend six years there.” Charlie was surprised and asked.”How did you know all that?” the man smiled and said,” Because I packed your parachute.”Charlie didn’t know what to say. The man took Charlie’s hand and said,” I guess it worked,” and then left.

      Charlie lay awake that night.The man’s job saved his life.He wondered how many times he passed the man , but he never said “hi”,”good morning”, “good job”, or “thanks”.

    Think about this for yourself.Do you always pass those people who help you most?Do you know that they’re just out there packing parachutes for you?

    51.Charlie Plumb was a US astronaut.

    52.The man invited Charlie to have dinner in a small restaurant.

    53.Charlie stayed in Vietnam for six years after he parachuted into Vietnam.

    54.Charlie was surprised that the man knew him.

    55.Charlie felt thankful to the man because he opened the parachute for him.

     

    解析:本篇阅读母题是2014湖北七市州高三年级联考英语题中的完形填空。与历年A篇阅读相比,难度相当,总体难度等级:

  1. F 细节题,原句出现在第一段第一句Charlie Plumb was a US jet fighter pilot难度等级:

    52.F 文章中只提到了Charlie was sitting in a small restaurant.a man kept looking at him. 并没有提及The man invited Charlie.  难度等级:

    53.T 细节题,在文中第二段第五句”You ejected and parachuted into Vietnam and you spend six years there.”  难度等级:

    54.T 细节题,文中第二段第六句”Charlie was surprised ”难度等级:

    55.F 细节题,文中最后一段最后一句”they’re just out there packing parachutes for you”,所以不是”open”而是”pack”.  难度等级:

     

       B

    Fruits and vegetables should be part of what we eat every day. Educating your children about the importance of eating fruits and vegetables is important for their health. Here are some fun activities to help you teach your children about fruits and vegetables.

    ★ Reading is one excellent way. Choose a colorful book with many different types of fruits and vegetables.

    ★ Provide your children with fruits and vegetables puzzles (拼图玩具). Your children will be able to see what fruits and vegetables look like as they're putting the puzzles together. You can also teach them the names of different fruit and vegetables.

    ★ Each day give your children different fruit and vegetables to eat.This will give them the chance to taste many kinds of fruit and vegetables and get enough “nutriment .Talk to your children what they look like and how they taste like.

    ★ Play fruits and vegetables games. Prepare little cups with fruits and vegetable which have been cut into small pieces. Cover your children's eyes and give them one of the cups to try. After tasting, they have to guess what kind of vegetable or fruit it is.

    ★Grow vegetables. You can teach your children how vegetables grow by panting them. Your children will also learn how to take care of vegetables.

  1. It mentioned __________fun activities to help you teach your Children about fruit and vegetables in the passage.

  1. one     B.four       C.five      D.many

    解析:C难度  细节题 

    原文再现Here are some fun activities to help you teach your children about fruits and vegetables.5★5个方法

     

     

  1. What does the underline word “nutriment”mean in chinese?

         A.脂肪        B.粗纤维    C.营养     D.水分

    解析:C难度★★get enough “nutriment .吃水果蔬菜,可以获得足够的 A.脂肪 常识排除A,水分的主要获取渠道不是吃水果蔬菜排除D,易错选B,抓住原句health. the importance of eating fruits and vegetables is important for their health.  

  1. Which  of the following  statesments  is  true  according to the passage?

      A.Grwing vegetbles can teach your children how to look after vegetables

      B.the puzzles can help your children know how  eat fruit  and vegetables.taste and smell

      C.By planting  plant fruit and vegetables  games ,your children can know what fruit and vegetables look like

      D.fruit and vegetables are not important for children’s health.

    解析:A难度细节题 和原文对应需要耐心

     

    59.What can we do to teach our children about fruits and vegetables about fruit and vegetables according the passage?

        1.Reads books

    2.Plant some vegetables.

    3.watch TV with children

    4.Making  fruit and vegetables every day.

    A.234    B.124      C.134      D.123

    解析:B难度 ★★对应原文5的内容,只有WatchTV没有

    60.What does this passage mainly tell us about ?

    A.the importance of fruit and vegetables.

    B.How to plant fruit and vegetables.

    C.How to eat fruit  and vegetables.

    D.the ways to teaching children  about fruits and vegetables.

    解析:D ★BC以偏概全,大段文字是5后的文字都是 .the ways (方法)

    答案:CCABD

    C

     

         Birthday cards and parties are always the most popular ways for children to celebrate their birthdays,but not Logan Brown in the US.He has serious autism(自闭症)He cant’t talk and doesn’t have any friends. According to his mother Cacarhrin ,he stpped getting birthdays cards and having parties years ago .This year was Logan’s 12Th birthday.His mother loved him and wanted him to have a great birthday ,just like the other children.  She turns to FaceBook(a website) for help,inviting friends and strangers to send her son cardsfor his 12th birthday .In Catherin’s Facebook post ,she wrote “will you write Happy Birthday Logan---from your friend--inWashingtonHawaii...?Help us celebrate Logan’s birthday!

         Then the Browns were excited to recieve more than 3000 birthday cards from all over the world .When one police officer read Catherine’s Facebook post by chance.He decided to organize a surpurise part for Logan at a local restaurant .On that day ,many police took part in the party and gave the little boy a birthday cake and some other gifts.”We couldn’t let Logan’s birthday pass without something special for him.”

    Said the police officer.

    With the help of his mother and the Internet,Logan had a special birthday.

     

    61.Which coutry does Logan come from?

      A.The UK   B.Australia     CFrance    D.The US

    解析:D难度细节题  but not Logan Brown in the US.

     

  1. Logan stopped getting birhday cards and having paties years ago because________

  1. he didn’t like them

  2. He has serious autism

  3. His mother doesn’t love him

  4. His friends are very poor

    解析:B难度细节题  He has serious autism(自闭症)。He cant’t talk and doesn’t have any friends. According to his mother Cacarhrin ,he stpped getting birthdays cards and having parties years ago .

     

     

  1. What is Logan like?

  1. He can’t talk,but has a few friends.

  2. He is talktive .

  3. He can’t talk and has no friend

  4. He likes making friends.

    解析:C难度细节题   原文在线He cant’t talk and doesn’t have any friends.

  1. _______________decided to organize a surprise party for Lagan.

  1. Logan’s mother

    B.The pollice officer

    C.Logan’s father

    D.Facebook

    解析:A难度细节题  His mother loved him and wanted him to have a great birthday ,just like the other children.

     

  1. Logan had a special birthday because of ____________

    A.his mother’s voice

    B.the help of the internet

    C.his friends

    D.Both A and B

    解析:D难度细节题With the help of his mother and the Internet,Logan had a special birthday.

     

     

    答案:DBCBD

     

     

    D

        Once there were five beggars(乞丐). One was English, one Turkish, one Greek, one was an Arab and one was Persian. _____66._____They promissed to share what they had and help each other in difficult times.

         _____67.______ They talked about what to do with it. At last they decided to buy something to eat.

       “Let’s buy some grapes(葡萄)!” said the Englishman. But the Turk wanted “uzum”,the Arab “aneb”,the Greek “stafelea”, and the Persian wanted “angur”.They did not understand each other’s language very well. ____68._____

        While they were fighting about how to spend the money, a stranger came along. He knew all five languages. ____69._____After they told him, he said. “Give me your coin. I will buy what you want.”

        He was soon back with a bunch()of grapes. ____70._____They all asked for the same thing ,but the word for “grapes” is different langues.

        If people could understand each other ,there would be no need to argue and fight.

     

  1. He asked them why they were fighting.

    B.Later a man and gave them a coin(硬币).

    C.One day they met and decided to stay together.

    D.Each beggar was happy, as each had what he had wanted.

    E.Soon they were quarrelling(争吵) and even fighting.

     

     

     

     

    答案:CBEAD

        Once there were five beggars(乞丐). One was English, one Turkish, one Greek, one was an Arab and one was Persian. 66.C.One day they met and decided to stay together.They promissed to share what they had and help each other in difficult times.

    解析:最后选

     

    67.B.Later a man and gave them a coin(硬币). They talked about what to do with it. At last they decided to buy something to eat.

    解析:线索1   it代词,反推67句有个N.单数

        线索2  what to do with it, at last they decided to buy something

        是钱,看选项B

       “Let’s buy some grapes(葡萄)!” said the Englishman. But the Turk wanted “uzum”,the Arab “aneb”,the Greek “stafelea”, and the Persian wanted “angur”.They did not understand each other’s language very well. 68.E.Soon they were quarrelling(争吵) and even fighting.

     

    解析:E.承上启下 even fighting. 下段首句While they were fighting about how to spend the money

     

    While they were fighting about how to spend the money, a stranger came along. He knew all five languages. 69.A. He asked them why they were fighting. After they told him, he said. “Give me your coin. I will buy what you want.”

     

    解析:they told him ,这里的him指代a strange  A.选项里有he 对应

        He was soon back with a bunch()of grapes. 70.D.Each beggar was happy, as each had what he had wanted. They all asked for the same thing ,but the word for “grapes” is different langues.

       If people could understand each other ,there would be no need to argue and fight.

     

    解析:70 解决的结果If people could understand each other be no need to argue and fight告诉我们是好,D .happy一词对应

     


     

     

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